A return to Ferens Gallery.

Washer Women at the foot of the Torre Delle Milizie

1640’s

Thomas Wijk (Beverwijk 1616 – Haarlem 1677)

I think I saw this one at the Wakefield Gallery, but never took it down. The tower doesn’t quite dominate this picture as it is not placed dead centre. At first our eye is drawn to the foot of the tower and who we see there. The faded orange hues make for peaceful sunset look… or sunrise.

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View of the Het Valkchof (Falcon Court) 1650

G.W. Berckhout 1650’s

A fantastic landscape, but it isn’t just the fort itself. We see this picture is full of life, fishermen are going about their daily business while commoners clean and wash in the river.

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An imaginary Dutch Church Interior 1655

Daniel de Blieck (Middleburg 1630 – 1673)

Not architecturally accurate according to the description, but beautifully designed anyway. Again, it’s not just the setting, a lot is happening within this picture. Can’t really see in this resolution, but a dog wanders about while a grave digger is hard at work.

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The Menagerie of Versilles 1670’s

Adam Frans Van Der Mealen (Brussels 1632 – Paris 1690)

A beautifully painted landscape of Louis XIV’s garden, he is even in the picture on the far right

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Interior of Antwerp Cathedral by Night

Picter Neefs Senior (Antwerp 1578 – 1656)

Hauntingly peaceful in it’s design. Those that dwell within stay within the light, or close to it. We can explore that meaning, as only those in the white robes appear to be within the darkness. Perhaps some religious overtones are present, about the tried and untried. Only those with iron faith might wander the dark without fear of loss.

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Vanitas 1664

Cornelius Norbertus Gilsbrecht (Antwerp 1659 – 1678)

Many many remakes and interpretations of this picture as I understand, the linked image isn’t the one that was in the gallery, but close too it. The picture itself is about how we concern ourselves with material pleasures while time goes by. It is important to note the semiotics within this painting. The skull next to the burnt out candle indicates death and the passage of time. Their proximity implies they are connected. The empty wine glass indicates worldly pleasures, somewhat dwarfed by the deathly message. The morale being, don’t invest too much time in world pleasures, time is short and there is much else to do.

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The Press Gang 1858

Alexander Johnston (Edinborough 1815 – 1891)

A fantastic example of a picture that tells an entire story. Press gangs were navy men that were able to draft other men without warning into the navy by royal order. It’s fair to say they were hated. We see in the picture that the man in red is to be drafted, torn away from his love and into navy life within the same day. A couple flees in the background, and concern of the citizens is evident. We can’t see the entire picture here, but I think there is a book and rose that has been dropped on the ground, we could assume the draftee’s love probably dropped them in her shock. A fallen rose represents so much more though…

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Daphne

Arthur Hacker (London 1858 – 1919)

Not much too this one, I just think it’s a good example of human proportions and the female form. The Nymph Daphne (a minor figure of Greek Mythos) was attempting to escape the Apollo the Sun God, and she was turned into a laurel tree to escape him.

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Princes Dock. Hull.

Atkinson Grimshaw (Leeds 1836 – 1893)

A like the sheer depth of this picture, our eye travels smoothly from foreground to background. We see the way the street lamps glow against the soaked streets and the looming silhouettes in the background.

A return to Ferens Gallery.

Idea’s for the Mini-brief.

Consider a new idea for an animation. Can be based on an existing concept from other media; (TV Show, Film, Book, Opera) Can NOT take from an existing animation or computer game. Current ideas as follows… Symphony X albums.

Paradise Lost – Poem by John Milton.

The Odyssey – Story by Homer.

Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came – Poem by Robert Browning (Rewritten by Steven King as the Dark Tower series.)

The story of Perseus and Medusa.

Idea based on Childe Roland;

In a different place, in a different time. A mysterious AI entity known as the Tower controls every aspect of life within a sealed habitat. The Mortal Race is reasonably content having no control and no responsibility. The Tower assigns them meaningless tasks working in factories or assembly lines. Something no one ever questions as to why the Tower doesn’t fabricate an automated assembly line to do this. (Busy hands are happy hands). The Tower soon exhibits erratic behaviour, benign at first, such as; Playing odd music in the factories. Telling strange stories. Flickering Lights and changing there colour. The populace ignore this as a glitch in the system. Soon however, the behaviour becomes far more dangerous as the Tower gasses the citizens with various gasses in different order, sometimes with harmless smoke, sometimes with concentrated oxygen, killing the inhabitants. No one knows why the Tower is behaving this way or how it even came into existence. It’s not long before a group of survivors rise up and attempt to find the answers within and outside the habitat.

Scrapping that, Dark tower is WAAAAAAY done. I don’t think main man stephen king would approve.

Perseus and the Medusa… alrighty then… let’s get the characters down for easy reference.

Acrisius: The King (of what!?), father to Danae. Had her locked away in a bronze tower when the Oracle of Apollo told him Danae’s son would one day kill him.

Danae: Sad and alone, Zeus came to her and offered to make the place a paradise if she would become his wife. She agreed and her son Perseus was born. Acrisius caught wind of this and had them both locked into a large chest and cast to sea.

Polydectes: King of the island of Seriphos. His brother Dictys, recovered Perseus and Danae from the sea, catching them in his net and bringing them to safety. The king wishes to marry Danae, but she rejects him, he would have her by force, but Perseus was a strong young man by this point and able to defend her. Polydectes devised a plan to be rid of Perseus, he fake married a daughter of a friend and demanded everyone (including Perseus) bring him a present. Obviously, being a humble fisherman, Perseus was only able to afford the clothes on his back and the food in his belly. The two exchange barbs; with Polydectes accusing Perseus of being lazy and good for nothing, he responds by exclaiming he can get him anything in the world, anything. The King demands the head of the Gorgon Medusa.

Dictys: A fisherman that rescued Perseus and Danae, we can assume that once Perseus was old enough, he went to work with him, learning the trade and becoming strong. Possibly a father figure… perhaps an uncle?

Hermes: Son of Zeus and Maia. He is a messenger and the fastest of the gods. He wears winged sandals, a winged hate and carries a magic wand. The god of thieves and commerce. Appears with Athena to assist Perseus on his search for the Gorgons. Gives him his winged sandals and the sickle of Cronos.

Athena: Greek virgin goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts and literature. The Daughter of Zeus. She sprang fully grown, armour and everything from Zeus’ forehead and so has no mother. Zeus’ favourite child and allowed to freely use his weapons. Tree is the olive. Owl is her bird. Gave Perseus the mirror shield as well as advice on how to find the Graeae and to seek out the Nymphs of the north.

Graeae: Strange women that dwell within a cave, three in total with only one eye to share between them with which they constantly argued. Perseus took of advantage of this by stealing the eye and threatening the information for the location of the Nymphs of the North. He was true to his word however, as when they told him, he returned the eye without further altercation.

Nymphs of the North: Gave Perseus the Cap of Darkness which would make him invisible and a magic wallet with which to contain the medusa’s head. The gave him the location of the Gorgon Medusa’s lair. An island surrounded by rocks and statues which were once men.

Medusa: Was slain as she slept, Perseus was able to approach quietly with the Cap of Darkness. He severed her head and kept it in the wallet, but had to flee quickly before her sisters killed him.

Atlas: Son of Iapetus. Unlike his brothers, Prometheus and Epimetheus, Atlas fought with the other Titans supporting Cronos against Zeus. HE lead the other titans and when defeated, Zeus punished him by having him old the world on his back. Perseus turned him to stone with the medusa’s head out of mercy, effectively killing him, without destroying the world.

Andromeda: A beautiful woman chained to a stone and waiting to be consumed by a sea monster. This punishment was brought on because her mother boasted Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids (Nymphs of the Sea), to which Posedion was angered and demanded or sacrifice to a sea monster. Perseus saves her by turning the sea monster to stone with the Medusa’s head. He freed her and returned her to her father, King Cepheus of Phoenicia. Andromeda and Perseus soon married and she joined him on his journey to Seriphos.

King Cepheus of Phoenica: Was grateful for her daughters return and gladly allowed Perseus to marry her.

Perseus stopped at Larisa on his way home to compete in some athletic games. He accidentally threw a discus into the crowd and killed an old man that happened to be Acrisius. After mourning, Perseus and Andromeda continued on their way.

Finally returning, Dictys informed them that the king’s wedding was a ruse, and although Danae still refused Polydectes hand in marriage, she was forced to become his hand maiden. An angry Perseus left Andromedia with Dictys and stormed the palace alone. He bellowed; “Let all who are my friends shield their eyes!”. He raised Medusa’s head and turned Polydectes and his courtiers to stone.

Perseus and friends lived happily ever after

(Perseus was later killed by Dionysus… the dick, though I can’t find out why. Oh apparently, Perseus killed Dionysus son…)

Idea’s for the Mini-brief.

The Manga style

As it has been a large part of my artistic influence throughout most of my life, I had also better review the history Manga/Anime styles.

Will be writing up soon, but for now I’ll just list a number of places I’ll be reading from.

Drawing Comparison; The history of Manga and Classification.

Mangaku – History of.

Manga101

History of Anime in Japan

History of Anime and Manga

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Okay! History time…

Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) A Japanese Artist ukiyo painter and printmaker of the Edo Period. He was primarily famous for his creation of  the Woodblock Print series “Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji”. In 1811 at the age of 51 he changed his name to Taito and created the Hokusai Manga. Coining the term, Manga. This still doesn’t refer to the story telling sequential art of Manga in the 20th Century. Hokusai Manga sketches within the series were not connected to each other, though it was still comprised of thousands of images.

In the late 18th Century, Manga-like books (printed using woodblocks) began being produced by middle class merchants. These were called Kibyoshi (Yellow covers) and were storybooks for adults in which narration and dialogue were placed in and around ink-brush illustrations, often in creative ways that consciously blurred the distinction between text and picture. (Multi-volume Kibyoshi were known as gokan.) Often they featured a variety of subjects still seen in modern day manga, such as; humor, drama, fantasy and pornography. These books fell-out of history by the mid-19th Century due to Government censorship and other reasons.

The ancestor of modern-day manga as we know is NOT Kibyoshi, it is  the European/American style political cartoon of the latter 19th Century and the multi-panel comic strips that flowered in American newspapers in the last years of the 19th Century and the first years of the 20th Century.

Important figure: Osamu Tezuka (1928 – 1989) The God of Manga, perished of stomach cancer. His last words were; “I’m begging you, let me work.” Creator of Mighty Atom, now known as Astro Boy. He changed how most manga was drawn, rather than going from the two-dimensional perspective he added a touch of cinematography to the panels, utilizing close-ups, long shots, perspective shots etc. He also didn’t just explore comedy, he also included themes of tears, sorrow, anger and hatred within his works.

He started out humbly, drawing 4 panel comics for newspapers following the war.  He made a comic book in 1947 entitled New Treasure Island published on Akahon (Red book), a cheap form of comic book named for the gaudy red ink used on covers. It sold 400,000 copies and changed the comic book scene overnight.

Tezuka changed location to be closer to the publishing industry and developed a following of manga artists that joined him in his pursuit. Some of them very notable in the postwar manga industry; Shotaro Ishimori/Ishinomori(Cyborg 009), Fujiko Fujio (a duo of Hiroshi Fujimoto and Motoo Abiko (Doraemon)), Fujio Akatsuka (the gag-manga king), Hideko Mizuno (Fire!)

Timeline taken from novaonline.

Timeline

1914 – Cartoonists were among the first Japanese artists to experiment with animated motion pictures.

1918 – Momotaro by Kitayama Seitaro became Japan’s first world wide success. However, the manga industry was still growing slowly and had a long way to go.

1932 – Before the WWII, Seitaro released the anime, Chikara To Onna No Yononoka. (The world of power and women.)

1941- The Japanese government used cartoonist to make comic strips with propaganda to use against their enemies.

1947 – After World War II, Osamu Tezuka became a cartoonist and released his first work Shintakarajima (known in English as New Treasure Island).

1951 – Osamu Tezuka created the milestone manga, Tetsuwan Atom or Astro Boy, as it was known in the US. As a result, years later he became a pioneer in anime, and was the man responsible for the success of anime and manga worldwide.

1956 – The production company, Toei Animation, was founded by Hiroshi Okawa and released its first feature, The Tale of the White Serpent.

1958 – Tezuka furthers his talents entering the anime world.

1961 – Tezuka founded the Osamu Tezuka Production Animation Department, which eventually became Mushi Productions.

1962 – Manga Calendar was the very first anime to be aired on television.

1963 – Tezuka’s Astro Boy premiered on NBC stations. Important note here, this is what caused the massive international boom of anime and manga. Though the excutives didn’t much care for a cartoon character with human-like sentience, thoughts and feelings. However, it did make for very popular TV.

1970’s- Various “mecha” anime (anime with giant robots) took over. Among them were G-Force, Battle of the Planets, Great Mazinger, and Star Blazers.

1979 – Mobile Suit Gundam, the originial version of the current anime Gundam Wing premiered and was a huge success which turned into a nation wide obsession. As a result, the series was released into three theatrical films.

1986 – The artist, Akira Toriyama, released the series Dragon Ball, which became one of Japan’s most popular anime shows. Later, the series went on forming Dragon Ball Z and Dragon Ball GT.

1988 – The world receives a blast with the graphically violent and gruesome anime, Akira, which was an international hit.

1995 – The girls anime, Sailor Moon, was aired in the US.

1997- Cartoon Network launched Toonami, a segment that showed non-American cartoons which later on proved themselves to be more than worthy of watching in the US.

1999 – Pokemon was released in the US and it hit the country by storm! Sometime during the same year, Miyazaki released the movie, Princess Mononoke with help from Disney.

2000 – Gundam Wing, the anime descended from Mobile Suit Gundam, was released. Along with it came Tenchi Muyo, Card Captors, Blue Submarine 6, and the short lived Vision of Escaflowne.

2001 – Outlaw Star, the most current anime to be aired in the US, is showing on Cartoon Netwrok’s Toonami.

The Manga style

Uses of Animation…. besides films. Notable stuff.

Peter Gabriel, a British Musician, employed a lot of stop-motion animation in his music videos, most notable “Sledgehammer” and “Big Time”.

Directed by Stephen R. Johnson and produced by Adam Whitaker. Aardman animations and Brothers Quay provided the claymation, pixelation and stop motion animation.

AC/DC used animation in the opening sequence of Rock ‘N Roll Train Live at the River Plate in Argentina.

That twinings advert featuring a rehashed softer version of Wherever You Will Go from The Calling uses animation. It’s drawn in a watercolour style, most likely to convey just how relaxing it’s meant to be twinings tea.

A bloggers view.

Doesn’t even have to be full TV features. Those moving ad boards seen on the sides of football pitches turn to use cut-ins/fade ins/spin ins… something like that. Hungry? Try Snickers. Thirsty? Have a coke.

Legendary Music Video made use of Rotoscoping! Take On Me – Aha.

A team recorded the video in live action, and then traced over the frames of the footage to achieve the effect. 3000 frames were traced and it took roughly 16 weeks. Rotoscoping 101.

Uses of Animation…. besides films. Notable stuff.

The Role and Scope of Animation.

Section Expanded

The dictionary defines animation as “moving pictures”. I don’t know what to make of that. From experience, animation gives the illusion of moving pictures by generating a large number of pictures within a short space of time. The human eye blends it all together, or something like that… I’m gonna research some more.

The webopedia explains that animation is;
A simulation of movement created by displaying a series of pictures, or frames. Cartoons on television is one example of animation. Animation on computers is one of the chief ingredients of multimedia presentations. There are many software applications that enable you to create animations that you can display on a computer monitor.

Note the difference between animation and video. Whereas video takes continuous motion and breaks it up into discrete frames, animation starts with independent pictures and puts them together to form the illusion of continuous motion.

And there we have it… animation. So we know what it is… where did it come from? (Avoiding Wikipedia like the plague, no one likes an easy-moder)

Will be coming back to this to expand. Helpful stuff, but I’m pressed for time this afternoon.

Another helpful tidbit.

Info for this timeline is also taken from Richard Williams’ Animator’s Survival Kit.

Early cave drawings feature mundane animals like warthogs with multiple sets of legs to indicate motion. Either that or Warthogs had a lot more legs back then.

1600BC – The Egyptian Pharaoh Rameses II had a temple built to the goddess Isis, which had 110 columns. Ingeniously, each column had a painted figure of the goddess in a progressively changed position. To Horesmen and Charioteers riding past, Isis appeared to move. The Ancient Greeks has a similar idea, they sometimes decorated pots with figures in successive stages of action. Spinning the pot would create a sense of motion.

1640ish – As far as we know, the first attempt to project drawings onto a wall was made in 1640 by Athonasius Kircher with his “Magic Lantern”. He drew each figure on separate pieces of glass which he placed in his apparatus and projected on a wall. Then he moved the glass with strings from above. One these showed a sleeping man’s head and a mouse. The man open and close his mouth and when his mouth was open the mouse ran in.

1824 – ‘The persistence of vision with regard to moving objects‘ – Peter Roget discovered this principle and it rests on the fact that our eyes temporarily retain the image of anything they’ve just seen. If this wasn’t so, we would never get the illusion of an unbroken connection in a series of images and neither movies nor animation would be possible. The principle gave birth to various optical devices, such as the Thaumatrope; a disc with an image on either side, when the disc is spun between two strings, the two images would merge. Such as a bird and a cage.

1860ish – Phenakistoscope invented – Two discs mounted on a shaft – the front disc has slits around the edge and the rear disc has a sequence of drawings. Align the drawings with the slits, look through the openings and as the discs revolve we have the illusion of motion.

1867 – Zeotrope (Wheel of Life) Appeared in the USA and was sold as a toy. Long strips of paper with a sequence of drawings on them were inserted into a cylinder with slits in it. Spin the cylinder, look through the slits and the drawings appear to move.

1868 – Flipper book: In 1868 the flipper book appeared world wide and functions exactly like the flip books of today. Result is animation, the illusion of continuous action. Drawings in time.

1877 – Praxinoscope: Devised by frenchman Emile Reynaud. He was the first to create shorts sequences of dramatic action by drawing on a 30 foot strip of transparent substance called “Crystaloid”.

1889 – Kinetoscope invented by Thomas Edison – projected a 50ft length of film in roughly 13 seconds.

1906 – James Stuart Blackton (a new york newspaper cartoonist) made one of the first animated film which he called “Humorous phases of funny faces.” His method was to draw comical faces on a blackboard and film them. He would stop the film, erase on face to draw another then film the newly drawn face. (Some of the animation appears to be cutout pieces of paper rather than drawn chalk… but I might just be seeing things.) Was created with the help of Thomas Edison photographing the images and consists of 3000 ‘flickering drawings’ to makes it. The novelty brought explosions of laughter and was an instant hit.

1910 – Emile Cohl – first paper cutout animation. It was shown at the Follies Bergeres in Paris. The figures were childlike but the story was relatively sophisticated: a tale of a girl, a jealous lover and a policeman. He also gave lampposts and houses intelligence and movement, with emotions and moods of their own. Cohl’s work prefigures the later animation dictium,

“Don’t do what a camera can do – do what a camera can’t do.” See an example of Cohl’s work in Enroute.

1911 – Winsor McCay produced an animation sequence using his comic strip character “Little Nemo.” Consisted of 4000 drawings.

1914 – Winsor McCay produced a cartoon called “Gertie, The Trained Dinosaur” which amazingly consisted of 10,000 drawings. It was shown as a film in theatres and also as a multi-media event on stage with McCay interacting with the animated Gertie.

1915 – Max Fleisher patented the rotoscope process – live action footage can be traced.

1918 – McCay made the first serious dramatic cartoon, The Sinking of the Lustiania. A war propaganda film expressing outrage at the catastrophe, it was a huge step forward in realism and drama- the longest animated film so far. It took two years of work and needed 25,000 drawings.

1920 – Felix the cat, the most popular character and series of this period, started as a Feline Follies from Sullivan’s studio. The merchandising of Felix’s image for dolls, watches, etc was very successful and paved the way for the later merchandising of animated characters. (Remember… Dead Pirates band)

1923 – Walt and Roy Disney found Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio.

1928 – Steamboat Willie was the first successful sound animated film; it made Mickey an international star and launched the Disney Studio of today.

1930 – Warner Bros. Cartoons was born. First WB short was Sinking in the Bathtub.
Pluto character (walt disney) born in The Picnic.
Fleischer; introduced the character of in Betty Boop.

1934 – Donald Duck’s voice debut’s on Mickey Mouse’s NBC radio program.
Warners first Merrie Melody in colour, the Looney Tunes were in black and white until 1943, coloured in 70’s in Japan.
In the 1950’s, Warner’s burnt all their cels from these series to make storage space available.

1935 – First Porky Pig “I haven’t got a hat.”
Marc Davis, one of the nine Old Men begins working at Disney, spending 42 years there.

1936 – Tex Avery’s first film at Warner’s. Jones, Clampett, and Bo Cannon were also in the unit, which they called Termite Terrace.

1937 – Disney release Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (Dwarves?). The first ever full-length animated feature of it’s time.
(Warner) Porkys Duck Hunt introduced the proto-type character of Daffy Duck.

1938 – First Chuck Jones feature, “The Night Watchman.”

1940 – Disney release Pinocchio and Fantasia
(Warner) Avery’s, A WILD HARE, where he defines the character of Bugs Bunny. There were three previous Bugs’, but this was the film where the canon Bugs was born. (Youtube footage available but of poor quality.)
Collaborativeefforts of Bill Hanna and Joe Barbera create the first Tom and Jerry, titled; “The Puss Gets the Boot“. (Metro-Goldwyn-Meyer…MGM)
Lantz: Woody Woodpecker introduced in Knock Knock.

1942 – While Warner continued to play out short but sweet features, Walt Disney fire out yet another feature-length classic, Bambi.

1943 – MGM, Tex Avery’s DUMB HOUNDED, character of Droopy is born.

1944 – Leon Schlesinger studio sold to Warners.
Yosemite Sam introduced in Hare Trigger.

1945 – Warners Pepe Le Pew introduced in Odor Kitty, by Chuck Jones. (Pepe is stereotypically french in the way Speedy Gonzales is stereotypically Mexican.)

1946 – Warners create Foghorn Leghorn in Walky Talky Hawk
Terrytoons introduce the Heckle and Jeckle series.
Xerography process invented by Chester Carlson. (Basically the first design for electronic printers we see today attached to most household computers… the real noisy ones that go WHREEERRRR… WHREEERRRR…. WHREEEERRRR when the printhead goes back and forth.)

1947 – Tweetie Pie, AA, Warners: Tweetie and Sylvester together, first Tweetie, first AA for Warners, Friz Freleng.

1949 – Warners introduce the Road Runner with Fast and Furry-ous, directed by Chuck Jones.

1950 – Animation officially becomes an important part of commercial advertising.
(Disney) Release the feature length film, Cinderella. One of the most well know adaptations of the Cinderella story first published by Charles Perrault in 1697 and later by Brothers Grimm. (Not the first or last time the Brothers Grimm fairy tales was turned to animation.)

1953 – Disney release Peter Pan.
Warners release Duck Amuck, with Chuck Jones as the Director.
Gumby first appears in Gumbasia by Art Clokey

1954 – The creation of the Tasmanian Devil in “Devil May Hare” by Bob McKimson.

1955 – The creation of Speedy Gonzales, AA, directed by Friz Freleng. First major Speedy.
Disneyland opened.
Warners release One Froggy Evening, by Chuck Jones.

1957 – Hanna and Barbera were asked to leave MGM (the MGM animation division shut down), founded Hanna Barbera studios.
Warner release “What’s Opera Doc?” directed by Chuck Jones.
Dr. Seuss wrote Cat in the Hat.

1959 – Jay Ward’s on TV (Rocky and Bullwinkle)

1960 – The Flintstones, first animated prime time TV series from the Hanna Barbera Productions.

1961 – Start of the “Nine Old Men” era at Disney. Premier of 101 Dalmations, the first use of Xerox cels.

1962 – Warner Bros. Animation Closes.
Charles Shulz (creator of Comic Strip; “Peanuts”. Snoopy and Charlie Brown et all) writes: “Happiness is a warm puppy.”

1965 – The Dot in the Line, a 10 minute animated short film, made by the MGM Animation/Visual Arts studio and directed by Chuck Jones adapted from the book of the same name won the 1965 Academy Award for Animated short Film.
A Charlie Brown Christmas – First TV special of the comic strip “Peanuts”. Produced and animated by former Warner Bros and UPA animator Bill Melendez.

(On with the show)

1966 – Dr Seuss’; How the Grinch Stole Christmas (Chuck Jones)

1968 – Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day (AA, Disney)

1969 – Scooby Doo, Where are you. The animated series debut’s on TV.

1971 – Fritz the Cat, produced by Steve Kantz and directed by Ralph Bakshi. The first animated, X-rated feature in the USA.

1982 – Vincent; a short animated film by Tim Burton and Rick Heinrichs

1987 – The Simpsons originally began as shorts on the Tracey Ullman show.

1989 – Disney’s last animated feature-length film to use traditional cels. (The Little Mermaid)
John Lasseter and William Reeves of Pixar first to win an Academy Award for best Animated Short; Tin Toy. Which grossed over $300 million and proved that animation was not limited to a children’s audience.

1991 – Disney release Beauty and the Beast the first animated feature to be nominated for the Academy Award as Best Picture.
Canadian Animator creates the Ren and Stimpy show. (Believed to have paved the way for more satirical animated shows like Beavis and Butt-head and Southpark.)

1992 – Cartoon Network starts in 2 million homes, by 1995 in 22 million homes.
Frog Baseball starring Beavis & Butthead by Mike Judge, screened to an MTV focus group.
Bill Plympton completes the feature film The Tune.

1993 – Tim BUrton’s The Nightmare Before Christmas

1994 – Disney’s The Lion King

1995 – Pixar’s Toy Story, the first full-length 3D Computer Generated feature film.

1996 – The merger of Time Warner and Turner brings Warner Brothers, Feature TV, and classic animation Hanna-Barbera and Cartoon Network plus others under one roof.

1997 – King of the Hill airs.

2001 – Pixar’s Shrek, animated movie won the Academy Award for Best Animation.

2003 – Finding Nemo, made by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures.

2005 – The Simpsons in it’s 16th season, becomes the longest running television comedy series ever made, surpassing The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, which tallied 15 seasons from 1952 – 1966.

That’s all I got so far. All information gleamed from the internet but special thanks to www.animazing.com

The Role and Scope of Animation.

Artistic inspiration from yester-week.

Benjamin Haughton (Cheshire 1865 – Devon 1924)

Babes in the Wood 1898

Oil on Canvas

Presented in 1937

Another helpful use on background featuring low view of tree bows in a dusk setting indicated by the orange hue of the sky. Despite it’s apparent ‘lost in the wood’ theme, the picture brings about a feeling of serenity.

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Follower of Richard Wilson – (Penegoes 1713 – Colomendy 1782)

Italian Landscape with stone pine 1750’s

Oil on canvas

Most distinguishing feature of this landscape is how the sun is not visible but very clearly behind the pine tree.

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Herbert Draper

1864 – 1920

Oil on Canvas

Homer’s Odyssey

Odysseus/Ulysses himself tied to the mast of his ship whilst his sailors ears are plugged with wax to resist the sirens calls. Really does well to capture the woe in the faces of the sailors. Odysseus’ expression indicates the sirens calls has rendered him catatonic. Whereas the rest of the sailors are immune to their call. (Don’t understand why Odysseus himself didn’t stop up his own ears with wax.) Body proportions are perfect along with the moisture of them rising from the ocean. The skin is slick and wet, droplets are visible. The nature of the location allows for a minimalist background. A particular favourite of mine.

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Gillian Wearing (Birmingham 1963)

Self portrait as my uncle Bryan Gregory

Incredibly hooded eyes and waxy features. The general synthetic appearance of the subject indicates use of prosthetics. Gillian made herself up to look like her uncle, ain’t that some s***.

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Edgar Bundy

(Brighton 1862 –

London 1922)

The Night School 1892

Oil on Canvas

Picture depicts good use of learning by candle light, the frustration is evident in the face of the most prominent student. Signified by him being the only one who’s face is directly visible to the viewer. More subtle orange hues to dress up the low light/candle light.

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Jacob Kramer (Ukraine 1892 – Leeds 1962)

The Rabbis

Oil on Canvas

Dark colours depicts two cubic/humanoid figures stood side by side, the blocky features are apparent but masked somewhat by the dark setting.

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Mathew Hale (1852 – 1924)

The drums of the fore and aft

1895

An untried british regiment sent to the front of a border war during the 2nd Afghan War (1878 – 1890). The regiment fled at their first encounter against bands of tribal muslim fighters. Two drummer boys, Jakin & Lew are stranded. Fuelled by naïve courage and rum, they marched up and down the alley with drum and fife. They shamed their regiment into returning for them. They were victorious against the tribes by the boys perished in the combat. I just think that is an awesome tale.

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Seamus Nicolson (London 1971)

Photos are carefully orchestrated, set at night in everyday urban environments. The brightly lit shop windows glow in the dark lending a cinematic edge to the images.

Helpful for a urban background reference.

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Peter Howson (London 1958)

Mr Great Heart

Oil on Canvas

Lived in a gym, dropped out of art school. Met a lot of bouncers, boxers and solidiers.

Might make a good friendly giant character.

Or big boss man.

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Sir Alfred Gilbert (1854-1934)

Perseus Arming

Bronze

I found this fascinating. In Greek mythology, Perseus was one of the first heroes and was viewed as a demi-god. His exploits include and are not limited to; Slaying of the  Gorgon Medusa, founding Mycenae, claiming Andromeda.

It’s safe to say he is something of a legend. In any bronze work or statue he is depicted as  broad-shouldered and defined in musculature. However, Alfred Gilbert took a different route. It is noted that in the Leeds Art Gallery, he purposely modeled Perseus to be youthful in appearance by reduction in muscle tone as well as the dainty posture. He is donned with the hades helm of darkness and putting on the winged sandals as well as carrying the adamantine sword. Though he is carrying in a non-aggressive manner, holding blade down and not by the handle either, it seems.

This side of Perseus allows us to view him as more human, maybe not a demi-god. Maybe just a human that had responsibility thrust onto him. He was in the wrong place, in the wrong time, but prevailed because he was bloody lucky. Maybe he just wanted to skip stones and wrestle… or whatever it was Greek youths did to pass the time.

Artistic inspiration from yester-week.